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How do I prepare a wood piece or plywood paneling for stenciling?
For unfinished wood: Apply a base stain or clean wood sealer and allow adequate time to dry. After stenciling, wait 2-3 days and apply waterbase varnish to finish. Test a small section before applying the finish coat. Choose waterbase finishes; oil-base polyurethane can yellow the surface.
For pre-finished paneling: Wash to remove wax or dirt. If applying a glaze for a pickled look, test the color in an inconspicuous place. IF paneling has a glossy finish, paint may not adhere to it. In that case, paint paneling with a bonder/primer such as BIN or KILZ. After stenciling, roll on one or two coats of waterbase varnish for maximum scrubbability. Be sure not to layer water and oil based paints together.
How do you shade a stencil design?
Shading is a simply a matter of building up a greater intensity of color in part of the cutout area, leaving other parts light. The shaded area is frequently around the edges of the design area. Shading can also be done with a different color, applying it only in the area you wish to shade, letting the first color show in other areas.
How can I stencil out only one part of a design of a single layer stencil without getting the paint into adjacent areas?
When you wish to use only one part of a design, tape over the cutout areas near it with stencil tape. Sometimes this is done to stencil part of the design with one color and other parts with another color. If you then want to include the areas you masked out, remove the tape, tape over the areas you previously stenciled with the first color, and stencil the next areas with the second color.
How do I prepare a wood piece or plywood paneling for stenciling?
For unfinished wood: Apply a base stain or clean wood sealer and allow adequate time to dry. After stenciling, wait 2-3 days and apply waterbase varnish to finish. Test a small section before applying the finish coat. Choose waterbase finishes; oil-base polyurethane can yellow the surface.
For pre-finished paneling: Wash to remove wax or dirt. If applying a glaze for a pickled look, test the color in an inconspicuous place. IF paneling has a glossy finish, paint may not adhere to it. In that case, paint paneling with a bonder/primer such as BIN or KILZ. After stenciling, roll on one or two coats of waterbase varnish for maximum scrubbability. Be sure not to layer water and oil based paints together.
How do I prepare a painted wall for stenciling?
If the existing paint is in good condition and is the color you want, be sure the wall is clean and free of dust and grease. If the paint looks tired or you want to change the color, paint the wall with either latex or oil-base paint in an eggshell or matte finish. Two coats usually are required for an even finish. Flat paint is a fine surface for stenciling; if you are planning to glaze the wall before stenciling, use satin or semi-gloss paint.
How do you stencil on rough textured walls?
Textured walls can be stenciled and faux finished. Choose a more open, flowing design and test the design on a small area before you tackle the entire room.
Do I have to remove wallpaper on my walls before stenciling?
There's no need to remove wallpaper before stenciling. Check to see that the paper is secure on the wall and that all seams are glued. Repair as needed. Paint over wallpaper with a flat or satin finish oil-base paint or primer specifically designed for covering wallpaper. Don't layer oil based products over water based. Apply at least two coats. A faux finish can visually distract the eye from seams or uneven elements in a papered wall.
You can stencil directly onto matte finished wallpaper to add dimension to a room. The stenciling should be light enough to let the background color and texture show through. Be sure the surface is free of dirt, dust and grease.
How do I stencil on fabric?
1. Pre-wash and dry fabric. This will remove the sizing that comes in new fabric and help the paint bond better with the fibers.
2. Place and secure fabric over a plastic-covered or waxed cardboard to create a firm surface for stenciling and to prevent bleed-through to any other part of the fabric.
3. Load stencil brush by dabbing into paint puddle and circle on a paper towel to disperse the paint into the bristles and remove the excess. You can always go back and add more paint, however, an overloaded brush can cause an instant smudge that is next to impossible to remove from fabric.)
4. Apply paint with either a pouncing or circular stroke. Let fabric thoroughly dry, at least 36 hours.
5. Heat set by placing cloth over the stenciling and applying concentrated heat, at the wool setting, for several minutes. Launder or dry clean as you would any delicate fabric.
How do you clean stencil brushes?
1. Dip tips of bristles into brush cleaner. To activate cleaner, dip brush in water. Never soak a stencil brush in water.
2. Work the brush on the scrubber in the lid of the brush cleaner. Add more water if needed to make a foam lather. Rinse clean with running water. Blot brush on a towel to remove as much water as possible.
3. On larger brushes, loop a rubber band around bristle tips and roll it to the ends of the bristles to keep bristles from splaying. Place brushes on their sides to dry. When dry, store flat or on the handle ends with bristles up. Brushes must be completely dry before re-use.
How do you clean and store a stencil so it can be used in the future?
After cleaning with water or Murphy's Oil soap, store stencils flat in the package they came in or in large envelopes or file folders. Tape a copy of a paper proof to the package, envelope or folder for easy identification.
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